Air Pressure IoT Air Pressure IoT

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   Air Pressure IoT


        This project allows you to check the atmospheric pressure from a BMP183 pressure sensor on a mobile App.



Project  Air Pressure Monitor
Time to build  1 hour
Cost $35
Arduino Code download
Cloud Device Code N/A
Mobile App Code download



        Here you have the list of the components required to build the hardware. We assume you have a computer, a router and a network cable. If you purchase the Arduino board from the specified source it comes with the USB cable. Otherwise you might need to provide a USB cable too. You can find better options for hardware. Be careful what components you buy. For Ethernet boards there are many versions with different chip sets but only the standard Arduino Shield or equivalent works with the software provided here. The prices are just a guide. These are the values we found when we created this project.

        Please be aware that you have to solder the pins on the BMP183 air pressure sensor.

Picture Name Price Source

Arduino Uno

 $13 Link
Arduino Ethernet Shield $10 Link
Pressure Sensor (BMP183) $10 Link
Single Port Female to Female Jumper Wires $3 Link
Single Port Male to Male Jumper Wires $2 Link


        We recommend to buy an Arduino board with a smaller USB connector (mini or micro USB) because the Ethernet Shield will not insert properly most of the time if you do not use original Arduino boards.

        Here you have a picture with the components we used:




       This section shows the pinout of the components or provide a link to the specifications of the component.


Component Name Pins
Arduino Uno See:
Arduino Ethernet See:
Pressure Sensor
Pin Description
1 Vcc
2 3.3V
7 CS



        This section shows you how to connect the components together. First you have a pin-out connection and below there are pictures showing how it's done on the real boards.


Pressure Sensor Pin ArduinoUno
Vcc +5V


Arduino Ethernet ArduinoUno
Just insert the Ethernet Shield into Arduino Uno

       Here you have pictures with the wiring





        The schematic is




        To run the system you need two software components. One is the software to run the hardware (Arduino Software) and the other one is the mobile App (Mobile App).


     Arduino Software

        To run the software you need the Arduino development environment. You need an external Library that is not included by default with Arduino IDE.

Library Location Author Comments
Adafruit BMP183 Link Adafruit They provide a basic tutorial how to use the sensor


        You have to load the software provided here and configure it. There is only one value you need to change in the code.


Field Description

This is a unique id you have to create for your hardware device to identify it from others in the cloud. Use this to generate GUID (Global Unique ID)

String devId      = "b5ebf7a7-e63a-4660-8f83-cf1e5d39cf5b";

This is the authentication string required for basic authentication of the http requests. Create a string from <email_address>:<API_Password> and encode it base64. The sample here "dXNlcjpwYXNzd29yZA==" is the encoding for "user:password"

String auth    = "dXNlcjpwYXNzd29yZA==";


       And here you have the sketch (download)


#include <SPI.h>
#include <Ethernet.h>
#include <Adafruit_BMP183.h>

byte mac[] = { 0xDE, 0xED, 0xBE, 0xEF, 0xFE, 0xD1 };        // mac address for ethernet board
EthernetClient eth;                                         // the Ethernet client

char server[]  = "";                          // Wiring Cloud host name
int port       = 80;
String devId   = "111-222-333";                             // Device ID. CREATE YOUR OWN GUID; Use this
String auth    = "dXNlcjpwYXNzd29yZA==";                    // Authentication credentials Create a string from <email_address>:<API_Password> and encode it base64
                                                            // The sample here "dXNlcjpwYXNzd29yZA==" is the encoding for "user:password"

// Use software SPI for pressure sensore because the ethernet shield uses standard SPI 
#define BMP183_CLK  7  // CLK
#define BMP183_SDO  6  // MISO
#define BMP183_SDI  5  // MOSI
#define BMP183_CS   4  // CS

Adafruit_BMP183 bmp = Adafruit_BMP183(BMP183_CLK, BMP183_SDO, BMP183_SDI, BMP183_CS);

// Update Pressure signal on the Wiring Cloud
void sendPressure(String pressure)
  Serial.println("Pressure = " + pressure);
  if (eth.connect(server, port)) {                                                          // initialize HTTP connection on port 80
    eth.println("GET http://" + String(server) + ":" + String(port) + "/Wire/connector/set?id=" + devId + "&AIRPRESSURE=" + pressure + " HTTP/1.1");   // submit HTTP request
    eth.println("Authorization: Basic " + auth);
    eth.println("Connection: close");
    Serial.println("Pressure sent to server.");
  else {
    Serial.println("Connection Error");

void setup() {
  Ethernet.begin(mac);                                           // start the Ethernet connection:
  delay(1000);                                                   // give the Ethernet shield a second to initialize:
  bmp.begin();                                                   // Start sensor

void loop() {
    sendPressure(String(bmp.getPressure() / 100));
    delay(2000);                                                  // send pressure only every 2 seconds


Mobile App


        The mobile application to control the security system is built with "App Inventor" ( If you just want to import the .aia file you can download it here. Otherwise you have to create next components.


Component Name Description
Label PressureMsg A text that shows the pressure.
Clock Timer A timer that will send regular requests to get the pressure from the Wiring Cloud.
Web APIGetPressure

The HTTP request that will be sent to retrieve the pressure value. Set Url to:<device_id>&AIRPRESSURE

don't forget to put the device_id you set in the Arduino Code


        In the code you have to set a proper authentication string. Replace the string "Basic dXNlcjpwYXNzd29yZA==" with your authentication string. Create a string from <email_address>:<API_Password> and encode it base64. The sample here "dXNlcjpwYXNzd29yZA==" is the encoding for "user:password". Make sure you append "Basic " at the beginning of it.

        And this is the logic you have to create in App Inventor. Once that is done you just build the APK and install it on your Android phone.


    Final Product

       Here you have a picture of the "final" product, hardware and screenshots from App.